Over the centuries, people have witnessed different alterations in architectural trends. Typically, these evolvements can be classified into two distinct types comprising modern and traditional. The form of modern architecture emerged during the 1930s and continued till the 1960s in Northern America and Western Europe as a response against historicism and classicism. On the contrary, modern architecture began around 1920 first in Europe and thereafter in America as an outcome of comprehensive industrialization.
With his deep knowledge of architecture, Joseph Cianciotto points out that at this phase a revolutionary change has been found in the style of living in society. How the evolvements have taken place
Traditional architecture is found throughout the historical ages all over the world and most of them were stimulated by natural objects. Great examples can be observed from Ancient Greece to Roman Empire and until the Victorian era in England. Traditional architecture refers to the style and concept of architecture which is basically the copied form of previous styles and then presenting them in a more unique form. These were chiefly used for government buildings, palaces, and churches.
They generated the foundation for the way structural buildings should appear with temples including the Coliseum in Rome and the Parthenon in Greece and were inspired by centuries of architectural design. Regardless of whether these were columns or arches, most building constructed during the 19th century boasts these features. When it comes to traditional architecture, can be categorized into periods including ancient Greek or medieval architecture which are seen in Roman design and architecture. Further, the styles of the-then architecture can be categorized into time frames namely Egyptian architecture, Islamic architecture, and Roman architecture
Modern architecture is in no way confined to any solo style or set of styles and forms. It has evolved over time to evoke changes in technology, society, and concepts. For instance, modernism has emerged as a response in contradiction to the elaborate styles of architecture found in the histories like Gothic and Baroque styles. And this has become prevalent throughout the 19th century. It was mainly influenced backed by transformations in philosophy and art such as Dadaism, cubism, and futurism. According to Joseph Cianciotto that among the architects whose contributions were noteworthy to bringing together these ideas include Mies van der Rohe and Le Corbusier.
Current Track of Architecture
In modern architecture, the industry has observed the re-emergence of classic architecture, although it is presented in a more simple way without making it elaborate while increasing its functionality. From traditional homes, families have started to go for modern flats in residential multiplexes. With this transition, the demand for architects specialized in interior designing, modifications in furniture designs, and ideas for space-saving accessories has got greater popularity.
Modern architecture also brought variations in the concepts of how buildings were structured with the use of raw materials including steel, concrete, and glass. Needless to say that these materials have unveiled an opportunity for builders and architects to bring enhanced creativity, flexibility, and resourcefulness in designing and building residential and commercial buildings. Thankfully, equipped with new technologies such as computers, designing software, and more, architects are in a position to bring more sophistication and imaginative ideas.