• October 5, 2022

6 Types of Cables and What You Need Them For

 6 Types of Cables and What You Need Them For

Cables form an integral part of human life. People link to the world and send out signals through them. They are used to send electric and telecommunication alerts. There are various types of cables, and each type has a job to do. Not just in the commercial fields but even at home. This article highlights six kinds of wires and the reasons you may need them. Keep reading.

Coaxial Cables

A coax cable is a power thread with four layers. The four coatings are combined to form a coaxial shape with a middle position. The central part of the cable is a good transmitter of electricity, and it is enclosed by a plastic surface that acts as an insulator. It is referred to as the core. Further, the cushioning plastic layer is covered by a metallic shield. On top of the metallic security is the fourth layer, which is made of ductile insulation.


You need a coaxial cable if you want to transmit high-pitched frequency waves. They are appropriate for this because the metallic protective surface blocks interference from noise. You’ll mostly need it for computer and audio-visual networking. In addition, you will need this cable to transmit signals between the antennae for televisions. Are you an internet service provider? You will also need this cable to transfer data and voice notes to your customers.

Fiber Optics Cable

Fiber optics cables are made of adjustable and see-through glass threads. The threads are commonly referred to as optical fibers. They are quite thin and are covered with a plastic insulator. In addition, they have an outer surface that protects them from interference and damage. This layer is known as a casing.


You will need this type of cable for lighting and decoration. They are known to provide easy and economical solutions to lighting projects. For instance, if you want to illuminate a Christmas tree or light the interior and exterior of your car. Additionally, you may require them for your internet cables as they are more flexible and carry more data.

Shielded Twisted Pair Cable

As the handle suggests, shielded twisted pair cables have a conductive coating encircling each pair or the entire thread. The shield is made of metal, aluminum, or copper. The protective shield is very vital. It safeguards the cable from the electric noises that nearby electric materials may generate. It eradicates the noise by grounding the shield from one endpoint. Moreover, it acts as a shock absorber, thus preventing shock from electrical currents.


You will require this cable during Ethernet cabling. This is because ethernet cables cause electromagnetic interference, which should be eliminated at all costs.

Unshielded Twisted Pair Cable

This is a type of twisted pair cable that lacks internet shielding. It has an outer layer that covers it from physical damage. However, the outer covering does not protect it from radio-frequency interference. The UTP cables are attainable in different grades. For example, the slim category-6 is used for networks that transfer data up to a gigabyte or 1000 Mbps speed. It is often used because of its flexibility, good performance, and low costs to acquire and maintain. This wire will be helpful to you if you need a local area network (LAN).

Ribbon Electric Cables

They mirror a ribbon tape, thus the name ribbon cables. The thread consists of several tiny wires which are enclosed. They are flat and parallel to each other, forming the shape of a ribbon. You can use them in electronic gadgets with low capacitance. In addition, you will need these cables for the internal wiring of your electronic appliances, especially a computer to wire the hard and CD drives.

Direct Buried Cables

These are the cables you can use to convey information and transmit data. They are usually designed to be submerged directly below the earth’s surface. Additionally, they do not need any covering or sheathing for protection. However, they have several layers that act as insulation against heat, water, and other underground factors. They consist of fiber optic cables with a broad metal core for firmness. You will need these cables for oil field construction sites, gas companies, and the communication sector.


You can use different cables for various purposes and in different circumstances. The line that you use depends on what you want to accomplish. In the end, whether your goal is to transmit data or sound waves, a functioning cable is necessary to fulfill its purpose.


Robin Williams

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